Iran has been a human habitation since prehistoric times and recent discoveries have begun to show traces of early cultures in Iran, centuries before the earliest civilizations began. appears near Mesopotamia. My Daughter The Sweetest Most Beautiful Loving Amazing Evil Psychotic Creature You’ll Ever Meet shirt. The record of Persia (Iran) began around 3200 BC in the Pre-Elamite civilization and continued with the arrival of the Aryans and the establishment of the Medes, followed by the Achaemenid Empire in 546 BC . Alexander the Great conquered Persia in 331 BC, the next two dynasties Parthia and Sassanid and Achaemenid were the greatest pre-Islamic Empire of Persia.
After the Persian conquest of Islam, the country became the center of the Muslim Golden Age, especially in the 9th and 11th centuries. The Middle Ages was a time of many major events in the region. From 1220, Persia was under the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan, then Timur invaded. The first Persian Shi’a Muslim nation was founded in 1501 under the Safavid Dynasty. Persia gradually became a scramble for colonial powers such as the Russian Empire and the British Empire.